Romans 5:1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
Romans 4:24 but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead,
Romans 4:25 who was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised because of our justification. [because of our need for justification]
Because reconciliation is taking place we can have peace
Justification has removed the enmity: [many say that they are good; Christ admitted that no one is good]
Titus 3:3 For we ourselves were also once foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving various lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful and hating one another.
Titus 3:4 But when the kindness and the love of God our Savior toward man appeared,
Titus 3:5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit,
Titus 3:6 whom He poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior,
Titus 3:7 that having been justified by His grace we should become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
Romans 5:2 through whom [Christ] also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Faith = a belief that we act upon
Grace is the charity of God, different aspects of Love He grants us.
Now notice how we come about this hope
Romans 5:3 And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance;
Romans 5:4 and perseverance, character; and character, hope.
Do we see this progression in our life
Do you see now why you rejoice in tribulations [because of where it leads]
James 1:2 My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials,
James 1:3 knowing that the testing of your faith produces patience.
What do you tell yourself when you are working out or exercising in order that you can keep going
Hebrews 12:1 Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us,
Hebrews 12:2 looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who for the joy that was set before Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
Hebrews 12:3 For consider Him who endured such hostility from sinners against Himself, lest you become weary and discouraged in your souls.
Hebrews 12:4 You have not yet resisted to bloodshed, striving against sin.
Hebrews 12:11 Now no chastening seems to be joyful for the present, but painful; nevertheless, afterward it yields the peaceable fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it.
If we go about then we will be encouraged by the process
Romans 5:5 Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit which was given to us.
We have the Love of God because of the HS
It is interesting how John defines “the love of God”: 1Jn 5:3 For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments. And His commandments are not burdensome.
Romans 5:6 For when we were still without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
feeble, impotent, powerless, without strength, weak; it was not within our capability to stand [:2] before JC came and accomplished what He did and also not before God began subsequently working in our lives
Romans 5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die.
We can relate to this; Most would not be willing to do this, but it is exactly what Christ did.
Romans 5:8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
And because of this it made our justification possible [along with many other things]
Romans 5:9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
The guilt of past sins is removed by His blood;
But this is only a part of the equation because being justified does not change our nature or character
It does clear us of penalty of sin that we cannot do by ourselves. But this is just the beginning, because We shall be saved: future tense: not saved now; an implying that there is more for Christ to do with us
Justification is a necessary first step of being brought into a right relationship with God.
Romans 5:10 For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.
Define reconcile: Brought into friendship from a state of disagreement or enmity;
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace [tie into :1].
Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.
Romans 8:8 So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
Romans 8:9 But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.
The dividing / separation
Isaiah 59:1 Behold, the LORD’s hand is not shortened, That it cannot save; Nor His ear heavy, That it cannot hear.
Isaiah 59:2 But your iniquities have separated you from your God; And your sins have hidden His face from you, So that He will not hear.
Isaiah 59:3 For your hands are defiled with blood, And your fingers with iniquity; Your lips have spoken lies, Your tongue has muttered perversity.
Isaiah 59:4 No one calls for justice, Nor does any plead for truth. They trust in empty words and speak lies; They conceive evil and bring forth iniquity.
Isaiah 59:5 They hatch vipers’ eggs and weave the spider’s web; He who eats of their eggs dies, And from that which is crushed a viper breaks out.
Isaiah 59:6 Their webs will not become garments, Nor will they cover themselves with their works; Their works are works of iniquity, And the act of violence is in their hands.
Isaiah 59:7 Their feet run to evil, And they make haste to shed innocent blood; Their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; Wasting and destruction are in their paths.
Isaiah 59:8 The way of peace they have not known, And there is no justice in their ways; They have made themselves crooked paths; Whoever takes that way shall not know peace.
Isaiah 59:9 Therefore justice is far from us, Nor does righteousness overtake us; We look for light, but there is darkness! For brightness, but we walk in blackness!
2 Corinthians 5:18-20
We are not saved by His blood but by His life by What he is doing now for us
He acting as a High Priest, Mediator and Intercessor on our behalf because of this we shall be saved: future tense
1 Timothy 2:5
Romans 5:11 And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation [atonement].
Restoration of the way that the relationship should be. In a way that we can and should be at one with God
Now coming to what some have called the most difficult passage in the NT: 12-21:
Romans 5:12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned—
Adam [look up original sin]., Augustine, bad latin translation, not going to get into all the spin off problems
Inherited guilt – because of Adam and Eve’s sin we are guilty, even if we are sinless [so what is the problem with this?]
death spread to all men, because all sinned—
We don’t have the death penalty because of Adam, but b/d of Romans 3:23 and Romans 6:23
There was no sin in the world until Adam and Eve broke the law
Shows that the law has been around since the beginning of the world, if there was sin at that time. Some think it was initially given at Sinai. Sinai was regiving or codification [writing down for the Israelites who had been in slavery for centuries]
“death spread to all men” Satan and sin are indiscriminant.
Romans 5:13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
Paul can mean many different laws when he uses the word nomos for law.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God according to the inward man.
Romans 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
Parenthetical thought in conjunction with previous verse, in particular: because all sinned
Law in effect at Adam and Eve as well as Abraham
What was the law that “entered” or was added later?
Gal 3:16 Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ.
Gal 3:17 And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God in Christ, that it should make the promise of no effect.
Gal 3:18 For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
Gal 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator.
Gal 3:20 Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, but God is one.
Gal 3:21 Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law.
Gal 3:22 But the Scripture has confined all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.
Gal 3:23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed.
Gal 3:24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
Gal 3:25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.
Does this passage teach us that the Ten Commandments or the Law has been abolished
1st Clue: We learned from Galatians 3:17 and 19 that “the law” was “added” “four hundred and thirty years” after God’s covenant with Abraham.
2nd Clue: This “law” was added “because of transgressions.”
We know already that sin is the transgression of the law.
3rd Clue: The law referred to in Galatians 3 was added because people had sinned—because they had transgressed God’s law.
because Paul tells us in Romansans 4:15, “…where there is no law there is no transgression.”
Can’t then refer to the Ten Commandments or the “Law” that was in effect but to a different set of rules altogether.
Adam and Eve; Cain and Abel; Abraham, Jacob etc…
All sinned [previous verse] so there was a law, so he has to be referring to another law.
Romans 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.
From Adam to Moses a reference back to giving of sacrificial law
Death reigned because man rejected God and continued to sin
Adam knew God from the beginning and even saw and talked to Him from the beginning
No sin around him until satan
Several unique things about his relationship with God / first human sin
We didn’t sin in the way that Adam did, but we sinned nonetheless. My sins are not your sins and your sins are not someone elses sins, but they are your personal sins and are viewed that way by God
1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, “THE FIRST MAN ADAM BECAME A LIVING BEING.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
But Adam fell way short of the opportunity that he had and Paul goes on to show this in following verses even though it seems obvious….
Romans 5:15 But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many.
(CEV) But the gift that God was kind enough to give was very different from Adam’s sin. That one sin brought death to many others. Yet in an even greater way, Jesus Christ alone brought God’s gift of kindness to many people.
Because of Adam’s sin mankind was set on a course of death and destruction
Kicked out of the Garden of Eden and shut off from the tree of Life
He and his descendants
Began right away with Cain
And has continued
Romans 5:16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification.
Again, it seems obvious….but the contrast continues
The free gift did not come from the one that sinned. That sin resulted and led to a judgment of condemnation. But God’s gift of justification came because ALL sins
Adam -> condemnation
JC -> justification
Romans 5:17 For if by the one man’s offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)
Philippians 3:8 Yet indeed I also count all things loss for the excellence of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as rubbish, that I may gain Christ
Philippians 3:9 and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith;
Romans 5:18 Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.
Romans 5:19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.
Original sin again.
With :12 Romans 14:12 So then each of us shall give account of himself to God.
We have to repent of our sins, not someone elses
Ezekiel 18:20 The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.
Ezekiel 18:21 “But if a wicked man turns from all his sins which he has committed, keeps all My statutes, and does what is lawful and right, he shall surely live; he shall not die.
Ezekiel 18:22 None of the transgressions which he has committed shall be remembered against him; because of the righteousness which he has done, he shall live.
Romans 4:8 BLESSED IS THE MAN TO WHOM THE LORD SHALL NOT IMPUTE SIN.”
God does not impute or assign sin where it is not deserved
The concept of original sin is obviously false, so how do we reconcile what is being said here?
Because of Adam’s sin he was forced out of the Garden of Eden as we mentioned before. He was cut off from God, His help and everything that God could do for Adam.
Because of this all of humanity was, by default, cut off from the tree of life, the power unto life, and instead they did not have the opportunity to be justified, made righteous, but rather be “made sinners”.
This began right away as we can see in the example of Cain and has continued down throughout the history of mankind as they all, as we all have sinned and brought the death penalty upon ourselves.
Now the rest of the verse so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.
In the same way that we are not made sinners by default, we are not made righteous by default. We do not inherit Adam’s sin for no reason nor do we inherit righteousness of Christ for no reason.
It is our following in Adam’s path that leads to sin and death.
It is our following in Christ’s path that leads to righteousness and life.
We will talk more about this as we get into chapter 6
Suffice it to say, we are responsible for our own actions and those actions have consequences whether we follow Adam and his way or Christ and His…the decision is in our hands
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,
To convict us more of just how bad and wrong sin is.
Make it more obvious, make it stand out in their minds more. Help them to see the effect of sin.
Law was already here. So what law entered or was added so that they could see their sins more clearly?
That’s what the sacrificial law did.
(BBE) And the law came in addition, to make wrongdoing worse; but where there was much sin, there was much more grace:
(CEV) The Law came, so that the full power of sin could be seen. Yet where sin was powerful, God’s kindness was even more powerful.
MoreoverG1161 the lawG3551 entered,G3922 thatG2443 theG3588 offenceG3900 might abound.G4121 ButG1161 whereG3757 sinG266 abounded,G4121 graceG5485 did much more abound:G5248
Grace had to be more abundant. God’s giving supersedes our sinning
Romans 5:21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
so that, just as sin ruled by bringing death, so also grace might rule by bringing justification that results in eternal life through Jesus Christ