Romans – Part 8
The Holy Spirit Chapter
Romans 7:24 O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?
Romans 7:25 I thank God—through Jesus Christ our Lord! So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.
Because of this change:
Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
The way we were versus the way we are now with the spirit of God in us.
Now that Jesus Christ came and did all that He did,
And now that we have been justified
And now that we continue to live a righteous life and serve the law of God…
I do not walk in the carnal ways that I used to, but now walk according to the way that exemplifies Jesus Christ in me.
If we live this way we will not be condemned
Krino – to judge
Katakrino – to judge against (condemn)
Krima – Judgment (as in The final Judgment) Condemnation
katakrima the final verdict; the final condemnation; the final judgment
Romans 2:13 the doers of the law will be justified; [future tense]; those who do not walk according to the flesh
We read in Romans 3:24 that we are “being justified” it is an ongoing process of those who walk in the spirit or are being led by the spirit.
Romans 5:8–10 It is Christ’s life in us that accounts for our justification
Galatians 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; ….
This is why we receive no condemnation.
It is interesting in all of this that when grace, justification, condemnation (the final verdict) and judgment are spoken of it is of a Judge that pardons us from what, the penalty of the law, which both, the penalty and the law, have to be in effect for there to be a need to receive grace and justification
Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.
Some make this out to be the doing away the law, that we are free from the law and somehow the law of the spirit is a new set of rules that we are under, but we don’t have to keep….
2 Definitions of Law (today)
- the system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties.
- a statement of fact, deduced from observation, to the effect that a particular natural or scientific phenomenon always occurs if certain conditions are present. i.e. the law of gravity
Romans 7:6 But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve in the newness of the Spirit [which is what Paul was talking about in :1]
Romans 7:7 …. Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary,….
Romans 7:8 But sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire [which leads to death]….
This is what we are made free from
CEV: The holy spirit will give you life that comes from Christ Jesus and will set you free from sin and death.
Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh,
weak through the flesh (context is different, but the principle is the same) Hebrews 8:7-8 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second. Because finding fault with them
in the likeness of sinful flesh the Son of God came and was born with the same human nature that we all are born with and was obedient to God. He never broke the Law and He overcame sin while a human being. As a human, He had the same influences that we all have and He was tempted in all points yet without sin (Hebrews 4:15). So thereby He condemned sin in the flesh
Romans 8:4 that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
What is the requirement of the law: obedience
Matthew 26:41 Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.”
What we cannot do through the flesh because we were weak we can now do by the power of the holy spirit …we can obey God and His Word, the Law
Romans 8:5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.
This is to be our mindset.
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whatever things are noble, whatever things are just, whatever things are pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever things are of good report, if there is any virtue and if there is anything praiseworthy–meditate on these things.
Colossians 3:1 If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God.
Colossians 3:2 Set your mind on things above, not on things on the earth.
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
To think on and go after the wrong things leads to death, and of course the opposite is true.
Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.
Also a major key to understanding the human condition.
This is the explanation of why mankind resists the law of God.
Keeping the law in the flesh is a self-righteousness and comes up way short, because our righteousness is as filthy rags.
It takes the mind of God in us to be able to keep the law that is the righteous requirements of the law, which is being obedient to the Law of God
Romans 8:8 So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
Cannot please Him at all
When we were in the flesh we were missing a necessary component – which is the holy spirit:
Romans 8:9 But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.
you are not in the flesh We are human, but not acting according to the flesh, the way that we used to.
Crucial definition of a Christian and subsequently of the church: Now understand this: You must have the spirit of God in you to “be His” to be a true Christian!
Of course there is a process to receiving the holy spirit.
Romans 8:10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.
We were as good as dead when were only subject to the penalty for sinning, but now with the help of the holy spirit, the righteous requirement of the law [can] be fulfilled.
Paul continues to make the link between the holy spirit and the Law. Now that we have Spirit within us we can more perfectly keep the law which is righteousness (Psalm 119:172 My tongue shall speak of Your word, For all Your commandments are righteousness. )
John speaks to this correlation in:
1 John 3:24 Now he who keeps His commandments [practices righteousness by definition] abides in Him, and He in him [Christ is in you]. And by this we know that He abides in us [Christ is in you], by the Spirit whom He has given us.
Romans 8:11 But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you.
Through His Spirit in us we will be given eternal life. God has given us an earnest of the spirit as a down payment or guarantee of this future.
Romans 8:12 Therefore, brethren, we are debtors–not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh.
We are not bound by or to the flesh. Jesus Christ paid the penalty and ransom for us. He redeemed us, bought us back!
1 Corinthians 6:19 Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the holy spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own?
1 Corinthians 6:20 For you were bought at a price [So now our debt is to Him and what do we owe]; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s.
Paul continues this train of thought in:
Romans 8:13 For if you live according to the flesh you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live.
put to death the deeds of the body: Works still necessary, there are things that we still have to do – ie stop sinning – these are accomplished by and through the power of God in us
Colossians 3:5 Therefore put to death your members which are on the earth: fornication, uncleanness, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry.
Colossians 3:6 Because of these things the wrath of God is coming upon the sons of disobedience,
Colossians 3:7 in which you yourselves once walked when you lived in them.
Colossians 3:8 But now you yourselves are to put off all these: anger, wrath, malice, blasphemy, filthy language out of your mouth.
Colossians 3:9 Do not lie to one another, since you have put off the old man with his deeds,
Colossians 3:10 and have put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of Him who created him,
Romans 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
The intimation here is that this is being done continually.
This further defines: Who is a true Christian – those currently being led
This is not a one-time event, where you accept the Lord and then that is it. We must continually act in the manner that we were describing in the previous verse. If we do then we can be considered a Christian and a Son of God because we have that earnest of the spirit working in us.
Romans 8:15 For you did not receive the spirit of bondage again to fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, “Abba, Father.”
spirit of bondage [slavery] not to fear; God’s spirit is one of freedom and liberality and does not weigh us down with any type of burdensome yoke.
But rather it is a Spirit that leads to “sonship”
From a presumed compound of G5207 and a derivative of G5087; the placing as a son, that is, adoption (figuratively Christian sonship in respect to God): – adoption (of children, of sons).
Apparently a primary word; a “son” (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship: – child, foal, son.
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω theō
Adoption = sonship, the placing as a son but with all the rights and privileges that go with it
We are placed into the Family
Abba – very affectionate term of endearment
It was used by Jesus Christ:
Mark 14:36 And He said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for You. Take this cup away from Me; nevertheless, not what I will, but what You will.“
It shows that we too can have this same type of very close relationship that the Son had…we will be sons of the same family of God
Romans 8:16 The Spirit Himself [KJV:itself] bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God,
Romans 8:17 and if children, then heirs–heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer with Him, that we may also be glorified together.
A little insight that the holy spirit works with the human spirit. Paul expounds more on this relationship in:
1 Corinthians 2:9 But as it is written: “EYE HAS NOT SEEN, NOR EAR HEARD, NOR HAVE ENTERED INTO THE HEART OF MAN THE THINGS WHICH GOD HAS PREPARED FOR THOSE WHO LOVE HIM.”
1 Corinthians 2:10 But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God.
1 Corinthians 2:11 For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the spirit of God.
1 Corinthians 2:12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit who is from God, that we might know the things that have been freely given to us by God.
1 Corinthians 2:13 These things we also speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches but which the holy spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man does not receive the things of the spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.
1 Corinthians 2:15 But he who is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is rightly judged by no one.
1 Corinthians 2:16 For “WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD THAT HE MAY INSTRUCT HIM?” But we have the mind of Christ.
and in this case it testifies to the following facts: that we are children of God, heirs of God (we are to inherit what God has) and we are to do it with Jesus Christ our elder brother of the same family.
Now notice what Jesus Christ is to inherit
Hebrews 1:2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds;
Hebrews 2:5 For He has not put the world to come, of which we speak, in subjection to angels.
Hebrews 2:6 But one testified in a certain place, saying: “WHAT IS MAN THAT YOU ARE MINDFUL OF HIM, OR THE SON OF MAN THAT YOU TAKE CARE OF HIM?
Hebrews 2:7 YOU HAVE MADE HIM A LITTLE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS; YOU HAVE CROWNED HIM WITH GLORY AND HONOR, AND SET HIM OVER THE WORKS OF YOUR HANDS.
Hebrews 2:8 YOU HAVE PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET.” For in that He put all in subjection under him, He left nothing that is not put under him. But now we do not yet see all things put under him.
Romans 8:18 For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.
Philippians 3:21 who [Lord Jesus Christ] will transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to His glorious body, according to the working by which He is able even to subdue all things to Himself.
Romans 8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of God.
Romans 8:20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope;
Romans 8:21 because the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God.
Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until now.
Paul uses words like futility or vanity and corruption to describe how the physical world is running down and moving towards decay and degeneration,
The creation is figuratively has hope for how good it can actually be
- In the short term: (millennium) and
- In the long term: Waiting for the spiritual heaven and earth
Paul is setting up this analogy to say this:
Romans 8:23 Not only that, but we also who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the sonship adoption [same word as above], the redemption of our body. [into that glorious one that was previously addressed]
Romans 8:24 For we were saved in this hope, but hope that is seen is not hope; for why does one still hope for what he sees?
Romans 8:25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we eagerly wait for it with perseverance.
The futility of this world and all it has to offer – death, disease, sickness, famine, war, false religion – does it not create HOPE!
How much more do eagerly await the Hope of the resurrection, of salvation, of eternal life, of His calling, of His Glory, of His Gospel
To put off mortality and corruption and put on immortality become incorruptible
This is what having the firstfruits of the spirit does:
Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
Romans 8:27 Now He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
Romans 8:34 Who is he who condemns? It is Christ who died, and furthermore is also risen, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.
Hebrews 7:25 Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.
1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus,
John 4:24 God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.”
1 Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, “THE FIRST MAN ADAM BECAME A LIVING BEING.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
2 Corinthians 3:17 Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.
Revelation 2:23 I will kill her children with death, and all the churches shall know that I am He who searches the minds and hearts. And I will give to each one of you according to your works.
Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.
This only applies to those that are called
Purpose = not everyone called now.
God is doing everything for our good whether we see it or not
Romans 9:11 (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls),
Called John 6:44, 65 [memorization scriptures] We are seeing what it takes to be a Christian
Romans 8:29 For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren.
This is what we are doing now
God wants us to become like the spiritual image of Christ – His character
God knows who and when He will insert into His plan.
Cyrus, Jeremiah, Christ
Romans 8:30 Moreover whom He predestined, these He also called; whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
Calling things as though they were Romans 4:17 … calls those things which do not exist as though they did;
glorified can also mean receiving a portion of His spirit now, especially in light of the subject matter. Glorification will be when become full spirit beings.
Romans 8:31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?
World and Satan and even our own selves – all these things can be overcome
Romans 8:32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things?
God the Father didn’t do all of this for naught, if He was going to go through the ignominy of sacrificing His own Son, He will most certainly continue with His plan give us everything we need to accomplish His goal in us.
Romans 8:33 Who shall bring a charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies.
Romans 8:34 Who is he who condemns? It is Christ who died, and furthermore is also risen, who is even at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.
:32 If God is working with us, and He is, who should bring a charge against us and “condemn” us? Need to be careful. Nonetheless we have Christ who is interceding for us on our behalf
Only Jesus Christ is risen and only He is making intercession for us – not Mary or the saints of the catholic church or who did I hear say something like the other day, your dead mother or father is looking over you….
Romans 8:35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
Romans 8:36 As it is written: “FOR YOUR SAKE WE ARE KILLED ALL DAY LONG; WE ARE ACCOUNTED AS SHEEP FOR THE SLAUGHTER.”
We will have trials. What will take us away, knowing the HOPE that we have?
Romans 8:37 Yet in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us.
We can overcome
Conquerors = hupernikaō
From G5228 and G3528; to vanquish beyond, that is, gain a decisive victory: – more than conquer.
Romans 8:38 For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities nor powers, nor things present nor things to come,
Romans 8:39 nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Philippians 1:6 being confident of this very thing, that He who has begun a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ;