Sabbath in the New Testament Part 6


Judging in Respect of Days

Romans 14

Romans 14:5 One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind.
Romans 14:6 He who observes the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it. He who eats, eats to the Lord, for he gives God thanks; and he who does not eat, to the Lord he does not eat, and gives God thanks.

Romans 14:1 Receive one who is weak in the faith, but not to disputes over doubtful things.
Romans 14:2 For one believes he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats only vegetables.
Romans 14:3 Let not him who eats despise him who does not eat, and let not him who does not eat judge him who eats; for God has received him.
Romans 14:4 Who are you to judge another’s servant? To his own master he stands or falls. Indeed, he will be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand.

The Sabbath is not mentioned here anywhere in the book of Romans

In direct opposition to what Paul says about the law

Romans 7:12 Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.

Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God according to the inward man.

All days of “worship” are alike

Outside of Atonement, The bible gives no scriptural commands about when to fast

According to the Talmud, some did it on Monday and/or Thursday. Jesus Christ in a parable talks about the Pharisee who boasts about doing it twice a week. Whether it was about this or another way in which they were doing it, Paul’s point was that doing it on one day as opposed to another was not going to make them more righteous

Romans 14:5 One person esteems one day above another; another esteems every day alike. Let each be fully convinced in his own mind.
Romans 14:6 He who observes [fasts] the day, observes it to the Lord; and he who does not observe the day, to the Lord he does not observe it. He who eats, eats to the Lord, for he gives God thanks; and he who does not eat, to the Lord he does not eat, and gives God thanks.

Galatians 4

Galatians 4:9 But now after you have known God, or rather are known by God, how is it that you turn again to the weak and beggarly elements, to which you desire again to be in bondage?
Galatians 4:10 You observe days and months and seasons and years.

Keep in mind that he is addressing the gentiles

Circumcision being addressed throughout book

Sabbath is not mentioned

Paul uses the phrase to ‘turn again’.  They cannot turn back to what they never knew or observed. So he cannot be talking about the Sabbath or Holy Days.

These are not the words that Paul uses when he is refers to the holy days, new moons and Sabbath, as we will see in Colossians 2

Sabbath is not mentioned anywhere in the book of Galatians

Nor, in terms of years, was the the Jubilee being kept in Paul’s day or the sabbatical year being kept outside the land of Israel, ie in Galatia

Galatians 4:3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world.

Without getting into what they possibly could have been in terms of the Roman zodiac or pagan days of their times, suffice it say that Paul was saying to come out of the bondage that the false gods had you in previously and to which you were returning.

Colossians 2

The issues in Colassae

There were some problems that Paul wanted to address and we see that he continually, not just here, but elsewhere in his writings, points the readers back to Christ. Then in :4 he begins to characterize those that are causing the problems locally.

How Paul characterizes the men

Colossians 2:4 Now this I say lest anyone should deceive you with persuasive words.

Colossians 2:8 Beware lest anyone cheat you through philosophy and empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the basic principles of the world, and not according to Christ.

Colossians 2:20 Therefore, if you died with Christ from the basic principles of the world, why, as though living in the world, do you subject yourselves to regulations—

Basic principles: rudiments KJV [same word as element in Galatians 4:3, 9; foundational makeup of the world; the works of the flesh, the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life]

Colossians 2:22 which all concern things which perish with the using—according to the commandments and doctrines of men?

false humility (2x), vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, self-imposed religion, no value against the indulgence of the flesh.

False doctrines

Colossians 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.

Colossians 2:18 Let no one cheat you of your reward, taking delight in false humility and worship of angels, intruding into those things which he has not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind,

Colossians 2:21Do not touch, do not taste, do not handle,

Colossians 2:23 These things indeed have an appearance of wisdom in self-imposed religion, false humility, and neglect of the body, but are of no value against the indulgence [satisfying] of the flesh [there are things that your body needs and it is even okay to have things that you want; scriptures re: Feast of Tabernacles; whatever your heart desires].

These men were into self-denial of food etc and the worship of other spirit beings outside of God

So now we pick up the story in difficult scriptures:

Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses,
Colossians 2:14 having wiped out the handwriting of requirements [KJV: handwriting of ordinances] that was against us, which was contrary to us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.

KJV: Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us,

Cheirographon: only place this word is used

Thayer: cheirographon: a note of hand or writing in which one acknowledges that money has either been deposited with him or lent to him by another, to be returned at the appointed time [IOU or a debt]

In other literature around this time the word was used as a record book or a written account of sins.

Dogmasin: ordinances, decree

Acts 17:7 Jason has harbored them, and these are all acting contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying there is another king—Jesus.”

Luke 2:1 And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered.

Every where that this word is found, it is a reference to what is done by men (Luke 2:1; Acts 16:4; 17:7; Ephesians. 2:15). Nowhere in the entirety of the Bible does dogma, “decrees,” refer to any part of the law of God

Blotting out the “written pronouncements [decrees] against us”

Which was contrary to us: opposed; standing in opposition

And He has taken it out of the way: mesos: middle or midst

Legal connotations all the way throughout this verse

Acts 4:6 as well as Annas the high priest, Caiaphas, John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the family of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.
Acts 4:7 And when they had set them in the midst [mesos], they asked, “By what power or by what name have you done this?”

Court had the judge, accusers, witnesses and you in the middle.

So what the verse is saying that we had a legal documentation of our sins against, that put the accuser who was standing opposed to us, on solid legal ground, but Jesus Christ came in and blotted or wiped away all the evidence against

Acts 3:19 Repent therefore and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord,

We do have this debt against us or “contrary to us” Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death and this is the debt we now ask God to forgive us of and He does

Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, As we forgive our debtors.

Colossians 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.
Colossians 2:16 So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths,
Colossians 2:17 which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ.
Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body [soma] is of Christ.

A shadow of things to come:

Hebrews 3-4 Sabbath points to the Kingdom of God in the Millennium

Feast of Tabernacles foreshadows 1,000 year reign

Feast kept during the Millennium (Zechariah 14:16-19)

Sabbath Kept in the Future

Matthew 24:20 And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath.

Isaiah 66:23 And it shall come to pass That from one New Moon to another, And from one Sabbath to another, All flesh shall come to worship before Me,” says the LORD.


Is the Law a Burden?

Paul didn’t think so…

Acts 24:14 But this I confess to you, that according to the Way which they call a sect, so I worship the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the Law and in the Prophets. [many years after the death of Christ]

Paul was adamant about what was right and had to be done or didn’t: circumcision, gentiles. He even called out Peter.

Psalm 19:7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul; The testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple;
Psalm 19:8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; The commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes;

Psalm 119:1 Blessed are the undefiled in the way, Who walk in the law of the LORD!

Psalm 119:18 Open my eyes, that I may see Wondrous things from Your law.

Psalm 119:29 Remove from me the way of lying, And grant me Your law graciously.

Psalm 119:34 Give me understanding, and I shall keep Your law; Indeed, I shall observe it with my whole heart.

Psalm 119:44 So shall I keep Your law continually, Forever and ever.

Psalm 119:51 The proud have me in great derision, Yet I do not turn aside from Your law.

Psalm 119:53 Indignation has taken hold of me Because of the wicked, who forsake Your law.

Psalm 119:70 Their heart is as fat as grease, But I delight in Your law.

Psalm 119:72 The law of Your mouth is better to me Than thousands of coins of gold and silver.

Psalm 119:77 Let Your tender mercies come to me, that I may live; For Your law is my delight.

Psalm 119:92 Unless Your law had been my delight, I would then have perished in my affliction.

Psalm 119:97 Oh, how I love Your law! It is my meditation all the day.

Psalm 119:113 I hate the double-minded, But I love Your law.

Psalm 119:126 It is time for You to act, O LORD, For they have regarded Your law as void.

Psalm 119:127 Therefore I love Your commandments More than gold, yes, than fine gold!

Psalm 119:136 Rivers of water run down from my eyes, Because men do not keep Your law.

Psalm 119:142 Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, And Your law is truth.

Psalm 119:150 They draw near who follow after wickedness; They are far from Your law.

Psalm 119:153 Consider my affliction and deliver me, For I do not forget Your law.

Psalm 119:163 I hate and abhor lying, But I love Your law.

Psalm 119:165 Great peace have those who love Your law, And nothing causes them to stumble.

Psalm 119:174 I long for Your salvation, O LORD, And Your law is my delight.

The Sabbath was kept in the past, clarified in Christ’s time, kept after Christ’s death and resurrection, will be kept in the future.

There is one thing that professing Christians agree on; that is, that we are to meet on a day of the week and what even the New Testament shows is, that day is the Sabbath. So let’s not forsake the assembling of ourselves on the Sabbath, which God gave as a sign to His people.