Which Old Testament Laws are in Force and Effect Today? Part 2

Why are we doing this?

  1. Be ready to give an answer

  2. Know all the laws to live by

Review of Part 1

Law Not Done Away

Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets.

Romans 7:12 Therefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.

It is for our benefit

Matthew 4:4 LIVE BY … EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDS FROM THE MOUTH OF GOD.

2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness,

The Bible is a Book of Law 600+ in the Old Testament and 1000+ in the New Testament

Law of Moses

  1. The Law comes from God NOT Moses

  2. The Law Binding From Creation

New Testament Insights

  1. The New Testament further explains or verifies or fulfills or expounds

  2. Can show that it is no longer binding

We know this from Jesus Christ’s teachings and His example. We follow this example

Some of the Laws were Temporary Law

They were only meant to point to what Jesus Christ would do until He did it

Hebrews 9:9 It was symbolic for the present time in which both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make him who performed the service perfect in regard to the conscience—
Hebrews 9:10 concerned only with foods and drinks, various washings, and fleshly ordinances imposed until the time of reformation.

Included: Rituals sacrifices and washings of the sacrificial system that were a tutor

Spiritual Sacrifices and Spiritual Principles

1 Peter 2:5 you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

The underpinnings of God’s laws, even if they are no longer binding, have a spiritual principle behind them

Part 2

The Administration Of Death and Physical Punishments

Exodus 21:12 “He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death.

Started after the flood (it was not always this way)

It was not so from the beginning and it did not start at Sinai

Genesis 4:15 And the LORD said to him, “Therefore, whoever kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” And the LORD set a mark on Cain, lest anyone finding him should kill him.

When did the ministration of death begin?

Genesis 9:6 “Whoever sheds man’s blood, By man his blood shall be shed; For in the image of God He made man.

It was after the flood and the time that mankind had deteriorated to the point the God repented He had man.

Why the ministry of death?

Afforded protection to Israelites when others knew the consequences of breaking the law in the statutes and judgments God gave the physical nation of Israel rules, restitution and penalties up to execution for sins.

Levites and judges had the authority from the Eternal to administer these penalties.

Administration of Life

There was a change in the administration

Some use the following passage to prove that the Ten Commandments were done away with.

2 Corinthians 3:1 Do we begin again to commend ourselves? Or do we need, as some others, epistles of commendation to you or letters of commendation from you?
2 Corinthians 3:2 You are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read by all men;
2 Corinthians 3:3 clearly you are an epistle of Christ, ministered by us, written not with ink but by the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of flesh, that is, of the heart.

Paul did not need a letter of commendation – as a true minister the laiety should be your calling card. The way that they have been show to act and how they are ministered to in a New Covenant manner should be a reflection of the minister.

The stones that he was talking about: Deuteronomy 27:1-8; Joshua 8:32-35

Deuteronomy 27:8 And you shall write very plainly on the stones all the words of this law.”

2 Corinthians 3:4 And we have such trust through Christ toward God.
2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think of anything as being from ourselves, but our sufficiency is from God,
2 Corinthians 3:6 who also made us sufficient as ministers of the new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.

Through the Spirit of God the minister acts and that is the core of who and what the minister is – the credit goes to God – and that is enough. In the New Covenant there is a change from the priesthood to Jesus Christ and His ministry. Paul is making the comparison and contrast, which is the difference between our life and death when it comes to the penalties that are incurred. The New Covenant came with the better promises (such as holy spirit, forgiveness, eternal life, etc) that the Old Covenant did not have access to

2 Corinthians 3:7 But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away,
2 Corinthians 3:8 how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious?

The problem with the first covenant was not the law or the terms of the agreement, but rather it was the people.

Hebrews 8:6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as He is also Mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.
Hebrews 8:7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second.
Hebrews 8:8 Because finding fault with them, He says: “BEHOLD, THE DAYS ARE COMING, SAYS THE LORD, WHEN I WILL MAKE A NEW COVENANT WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AND WITH THE HOUSE OF JUDAH—

Both the Old Covenant and New Covenant are glorious, it is just that the New Covenant is MORE glorious. You don’t call the law that was being done away with glorious – because it was not actually being done away with.

2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the ministry of condemnation had glory, the ministry of righteousness exceeds much more in glory.

Because we can now be justified!

2 Corinthians 3:10 For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels.
2 Corinthians 3:11 For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious.

The subject here is not the doing away with laws (as we already addressed) but the change in administration of existing laws.

Paul is comparing and contrasting the administrative role of the Old Testament priesthood with the New Testament ministry

He is showing how much more glorious the latter is over the former

Written in heart of flesh

Written in stone

Written with God’s HS

Written with ink

Spirit of Law

Letter of Law

Life

Death

The ministration of death was punishment for violations of the civil law they had been given by God.

So here is in a nutshell: the administration (administering) or enforcement of the civil law no longer belonged to Israel or even the church.

In other words the church does not have the right to kill people for their sins

For one their was no longer a nation of Israel

But two, and more importantly the New Covenant was founded on better promises

The laws were not done away any more than when a state decides to ban capital punishment. Just because there is no death penalty in the state does not mean that anyone can go on a murder spree – the law is still in place.

Now what changed with the coming of Jesus Christ and the New Covenant was the promise of the holy spirit and forgiveness of sin to put it simply

Jesus Christ in essence showed how the law of the carnal nation of Israel was to be kept not only in the letter but the spirit (or intent) – so in other words more fully.

Not only this, but with the sacrifice of Christ, the PENALTY was paid for the sins that we commit, SO that we can have forgiveness and LIFE – not death

To round out the thought here: The administrating NOW is more glorious than the administrating before (in the Old Covenant) because it brings life (eternally) through the spirit and not death through the letter of the law penalties which did not allow for any one being made right again before God

2 Corinthians 5:18 Now all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation,
2 Corinthians 5:19 that is, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation.
2 Corinthians 5:20 Now then, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were pleading through us: we implore you on Christ’s behalf, be reconciled to God.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

God has given us the right to restore a right relationship with Him through Christ! During His time on Earth, Christ, among other things, was accomplishing this reconciliation instead of allowing sin to separate us. So sin was no longer levied to our account, but now we could have righteousness imputed to us.

2 Corinthians 7:10 For godly sorrow produces repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world produces death.

This better way leads to life and us being saved – if we truly turn around from the wrong way that we were heading.

When it comes to the penalties that WE could have exacted in the Old Covenant, we as Christians are taught a better way

Matthew 5:38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘AN EYE FOR AN EYE AND A TOOTH FOR A TOOTH.

Matthew 5:39 But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.

Matthew 5:40 If anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic, let him have your cloak also.

Matthew 5:41 And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two.

Matthew 5:42 Give to him who asks you, and from him who wants to borrow from you do not turn away.

Forgiveness, “Vengeance is mine”

Who administers punishment then if it was transferred away from Israel (and not to the church?)

Civil Governments Should Administer Death Penalty

Civil governments today should administer these penalties.

Romans 13:1 Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God.
Romans 13:2 Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves.
Romans 13:3 For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same.
Romans 13:4 For he is God’s minister to you for good. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God’s minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil.

For the most part civil governments are for keeping people in line and they do so by exacting punishments. God as put this within their purview. We are to obey them as long as it is not contrary to God’s supreme law.

Romans 13:5 Therefore you must be subject, not only because of wrath but also for conscience’ sake.

It is not only a good idea because of the punishment that you will receive but also because it is your duty as a Christian

Romans 13:6 For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God’s ministers attending continually to this very thing.
Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their due: taxes to whom taxes are due, customs to whom customs, fear to whom fear, honor to whom honor.

1 Peter 2:13 Therefore submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake, whether to the king as supreme,
1 Peter 2:14 or to governors, as to those who are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and for the praise of those who do good.
1 Peter 2:15 For this is the will of God, that by doing good you may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men—
1 Peter 2:16 as free, yet not using liberty as a cloak for vice, but as bondservants of God.
1 Peter 2:17 Honor all people. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king.

Principals of this Civil Law

What would today be like if there was a death penalty for sins like murderer etc

  • People would realize the consequences of sin

  • The lives of many could be saved

  • We would fear to do wrong

  • No need for a prison system

Now understand that there would be no need for capital punishment if no one committed a sin worthy of it.

This is what God wants – obedience instead of sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22).

Statutes and Judgments

Leviticus 26:46 These are the statutes and judgments and laws which the LORD made between Himself and the children of Israel on Mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.

Basic explanations

  • Statutes beforehand

  • Judgments case by case basis

  • Both further elaborate and define the 10 Commandments

So along with the 10 Commandments they are the will of God written down for us, subsequently they are all to be followed.

“law” is torah. “the law” can refer to the law generally or specifically or all of it and tends to be more all encompassing.

The word statutes refers to a specific type of laws and technically means an authoritative enactment, decree or ordinance.

Judgments” by those in authority can narrow or enlarge the application of existing law.

God led by example:

Ezekiel 44:23 “And they shall teach My people the difference between the holy and the unholy, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.
Ezekiel 44:24 In controversy they shall stand as judges, and judge it according to My judgments. They shall keep My laws and My statutes in all My appointed meetings, and they shall hallow My Sabbaths.

This is our goal to learn to discern the laws that are to be kept and keep them.

The Holy Spirit

Why is the law so controversial?

Romans 8:5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.

God and man are at odds (without the holy spirit)

So it is no wonder that the law, which expresses the nature of God, is so controversial

It takes us being spirit-led to come to these right conclusion about which laws are in effect

John 16:8 And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
John 16:9 of sin, because they do not believe in Me;
John 16:10 of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more;
John 16:11 of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.
John 16:12 I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.
John 16:13 However, when it, the Spirit of truth, has come, it will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on its own authority, but whatever it hears it will speak; and it will tell you things to come.

How do we know when to answer a fool or not answer a fool according to his folly?

Through God’s Holy Spirit we are able to discern which. So we cannot minimize the importance of this aspect, when it comes to understanding which laws are in force and effect today!