New Testament Insights
The NT further explains or verifies or fulfills or expounds
Can show that it is no longer binding
We know this from Jesus Christ’s teachings and His Example. We follow this example
Some of the Laws were Temporary Law
Included: Rituals sacrifices and washings of the Sacrificial system that were a tutor
Spiritual Sacrifices and Spiritual Principles
The underpinnings of God’s laws, even if they are no longer binding, have a spiritual principle behind them
Part 2 (Review)
The Administration Of Death and Physical Punishments
Administration of Life
Civil Governments Should Administer Death Penalty
Principals of this Civil Law
What would today be like if there was a death penalty for sins like murder etc
People would realize the consequences of sin
The lives of many could be saved
We would fear to do wrong
No need for a prison system
Now u/s that there would be no need for capital punishment if no one committed a sin worthy of it.
This is what God wants – obedience instead of sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22).
Statutes and Judgments
Leviticus 26:46 These are the statutes and judgments and laws which the LORD made between Himself and the children of Israel on Mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.
Judgments case by case basis
Both further elaborate and define the 10 C
The Holy Spirit
Romans 8:5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit.
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.
Romans 8:7 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.
WHICH portions of the LAW are spiritual and therefore still valid for us today.
And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.
God gave us His laws for us! Not as a burden or something to tie our hands behind our back, but because it is good for us in the short term and the long – whether we see it or not
The ones that we have already covered in depth on the web site in the past and recently during this series: Sabbath, Holy days, 10 commandments, covenants, fighting and war, slavery, circumcision, sacrificial system, tithing, come to mind
Crossing Animals, Plants and Fabrics
Leviticus 19:19 ‘You shall keep My statutes. You shall not let your livestock breed with another kind. You shall not sow your field with mixed seed. Nor shall a garment of mixed linen and wool come upon you.
Definition of statutes: refers to a specific type of laws and technically means an authoritative enactment, decree or ordinance.
Definition of judgments: pronouncements by those in authority to narrow or enlarge the application of existing law.
This does not typically happen in nature across “kinds” or what we sometimes refer to as species.
Man in his curiosity might have tried this for many reasons and does to this day.
Deuteronomy 22:9 “You shall not sow your vineyard with different kinds of seed, lest the yield of the seed which you have sown and the fruit of your vineyard be defiled.
We want the same thing for the seeds to be “kind after kind” so we are to keep plants away from each other that will cross pollinate.
Deuteronomy 22:10 “You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together.
Deuteronomy 22:11 “You shall not wear a garment of different sorts, such as [not in the original] wool and linen mixed together.
Wool is an animal product and linen is a plant product.
These natural fibers should not be interwoven. They produce clothes that are of a worse quality than had we done just one or the other. Together it is an inferior product. For example wool shrinks five times faster than linen when washed.
Caveat: interwoven does not mean and is not the same as two different products worn at the same time.
Leviticus 19:2 “Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.
There is a purity that we are to seek. What we see here is that intermixing things in the wrong way can devalue and create a substandard product…possibly with problems that we are not aware of.
Love Your Neighbor as Yourself
Let’s look at the legitimacy of these laws that many are quick to throw away.
If you asked the average professing Christian if these were rules that he should live by, he would resoundingly say yes.
Leviticus 19:11 ‘You shall not steal, nor deal falsely, nor lie to one another.
Leviticus 19:12 And you shall not swear by My name falsely, nor shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.
Leviticus 19:13 ‘You shall not cheat your neighbor, nor rob him. The wages of him who is hired shall not remain with you all night until morning.
Leviticus 19:14 You shall not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind, but shall fear your God: I am the LORD.
Leviticus 19:15 ‘You shall do no injustice in judgment. You shall not be partial to the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty. In righteousness you shall judge your neighbor.
Leviticus 19:16 You shall not go about as a talebearer among your people; nor shall you take a stand against the life of your neighbor [especially when you should be standing up for him]: I am the LORD.
Leviticus 19:17 ‘You shall not hate your brother in your heart. You shall surely rebuke your neighbor, and not bear sin because of him. [NT principles].
Leviticus 19:18 You shall not take vengeance [belongs to God], nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, [SUMMATION] but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.
Eye for an Eye
We addressed before Old Testament penalties not enjoined on Christians today
Exodus 21:23 But if any harm follows, then you shall give life for life,
Exodus 21:24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
Exodus 21:25 burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
Some have called this the law of retaliation. But it is more a law of recompense or compensation.
It is compensating the injured party for loss of work or ability to work or pain and suffering
Exodus 21:26 “If a man strikes the eye of his male or female servant, and destroys it, he shall let him go free for the sake of his eye.
Exodus 21:27 And if he knocks out the tooth of his male or female servant, he shall let him go free for the sake of his tooth.
Leviticus 19:17 ‘You shall not hate your brother in your heart.
Leviticus 19:18 You shall not take vengeance [belongs to God],
At no time do we find that the Israelites ever cut off peoples hands. This is not mentioned in any other literature or is found in anywhere in archaeology.
New Testament confirm spiritual application:
Matthew 5:38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘AN EYE FOR AN EYE AND A TOOTH FOR A TOOTH.’
Matthew 5:39 But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. [in other words do not retaliate and get in a fight; be the bigger person and show them the better way].
Matthew 5:40 If anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic, let him have your cloak also.
Matthew 5:41 And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two.
Matthew 5:42 Give to him who asks you, and from him who wants to borrow from you do not turn away.
Matthew 5:43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR and hate your enemy.’
Matthew 5:44 But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you,
1 Corinthians 6:1 Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?
1 Corinthians 6:2 Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world will be judged by you, are you unworthy to judge the smallest matters?
1 Corinthians 6:3 Do you not know that we shall judge angels? How much more, things that pertain to this life?
1 Corinthians 6:4 If then you have judgments concerning things pertaining to this life, do you appoint those who are least esteemed by the church to judge?
1 Corinthians 6:5 I say this to your shame. Is it so, that there is not a wise man among you, not even one, who will be able to judge between his brethren?
1 Corinthians 6:6 But brother goes to law against brother, and that before unbelievers!
1 Corinthians 6:7 Now therefore, it is already an utter failure for you that you go to law against one another. Why do you not rather accept wrong? Why do you not rather let yourselves be cheated?
We used to be the church of this:
Leviticus 11:1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them,
Leviticus 11:2 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying, ‘These are the animals which you may eat among all the animals that are on the earth:
and Deuteronomy 14
Clean and unclean meat or animals so it is not technically correct to say unclean food.
This was not a part of the covenant – so therefore it could not be done away then.
Here is an aha moment:
Genesis 7:1 Then the LORD said to Noah, “Come into the ark, you and all your household, because I have seen that you are righteous before Me in this generation.
Genesis 7:2 You shall take with you seven each of every clean animal, a male and his female; two each of animals that are unclean, a male and his female;
Noah offered a burnt offering to God ‘of every clean animal and of every clean bird’ (Genesis 8:20).
Will be in effect in when Christ returns
Isaiah 66:17 “Those who sanctify themselves and purify themselves, To go to the gardens After an idol in the midst, Eating swine’s flesh and the abomination and the mouse, Shall be consumed together,” says the LORD.
Isaiah 65:3 A people who provoke Me to anger continually to My face; Who sacrifice in gardens, And burn incense on altars of brick;
Isaiah 65:4 Who sit among the graves, And spend the night in the tombs; Who eat swine’s flesh, And the broth of abominable things is in their vessels;
Did Christ abolish the unclean meat law?
Mark 7:18 So He said to them, “Are you thus without understanding also? Do you not perceive that whatever enters a man from outside cannot defile him,
Mark 7:19 because it does not enter his heart but his stomach, and is eliminated, thus purifying [cleansing] all foods?”
Mark 7:20 And He said, “What comes out of a man, that defiles a man.
Mark 7:21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,
Mark 7:22 thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lewdness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness.
Mark 7:23 All these evil things come from within and defile a man.”
Here is the context for this set of scriptures:
Mark 7:2 Now when they saw some of His disciples eat bread with defiled, that is, with unwashed hands, they found fault.
It was about the inadvertent dirt etc that might be in the food. This pedantic focus made them miss out on the weightier matters once again.
Acts 10:9 The next day, as they went on their journey and drew near the city, Peter went up on the housetop to pray, about the sixth hour.
Acts 10:10 Then he became very hungry and wanted to eat; but while they made ready, he fell into a trance
Acts 10:11 and saw heaven opened and an object like a great sheet bound at the four corners, descending to him and let down to the earth.
Acts 10:12 In it were all kinds of four-footed animals of the earth, wild beasts, creeping things, and birds of the air.
Acts 10:13 And a voice came to him, “Rise, Peter; kill and eat.”
Acts 10:14 But Peter said, “Not so, Lord! For I have never eaten anything common or unclean.”
Acts 10:15 And a voice spoke to him again the second time, “What God has cleansed you must not call common.”
Acts 10:16 This was done three times. And the object was taken up into heaven again.
Acts 10:17 Now while Peter wondered within himself what this vision which he had seen meant, behold, the men who had been sent from Cornelius had made inquiry for Simon’s house, and stood before the gate.
Acts 10:18 And they called and asked whether Simon, whose surname was Peter, was lodging there.
Acts 10:19 While Peter thought about the vision, the Spirit said to him, “Behold, three men are seeking you.
Acts 10:20 Arise therefore, go down and go with them, doubting nothing; for I have sent them.”
Acts 10:21 Then Peter went down to the men who had been sent to him from Cornelius, and said, “Yes, I am he whom you seek. For what reason have you come?”
Acts 10:22 And they said, “Cornelius the centurion, a just man, one who fears God and has a good reputation among all the nation of the Jews, was divinely instructed by a holy angel to summon you to his house, and to hear words from you.”
Acts 10:23 Then he invited them in and lodged them. On the next day Peter went away with them, and some brethren from Joppa accompanied him.
Acts 10:24 And the following day they entered Caesarea. Now Cornelius was waiting for them, and had called together his relatives and close friends.
Acts 10:25 As Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him and fell down at his feet and worshiped him.
Acts 10:26 But Peter lifted him up, saying, “Stand up; I myself am also a man.”
Acts 10:27 And as he talked with him, he went in and found many who had come together.
Acts 10:28 Then he said to them, “You know how unlawful it is for a Jewish man to keep company with or go to one of another nation. But God has shown me that I should not call any man common or unclean.
God uses symbols to help us understand truth.
Acts 10:29 Therefore I came without objection as soon as I was sent for. I ask, then, for what reason have you sent for me?”
Acts 11:18 When they heard these things they became silent; and they glorified God, saying, “Then God has also granted to the Gentiles repentance to life.”
1 Timothy 4:1-5
1 Timothy 4:1 Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons,
1 Timothy 4:2 speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their own conscience seared with a hot iron,
1 Timothy 4:3 forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.
1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God is good [with the purpose it was made for], and nothing is to be refused if it is received with thanksgiving; [poisonous mushrooms].
1 Timothy 4:5 for it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.
Hebrews 13:9 Do not be carried about with various and strange doctrines. For it is good that the heart be established by grace, not with foods which have not profited those who have been occupied with them.
Clean and unclean meats is not strange – Peter knew them and kept them as normal.